Philosophischer Geist an der frühen Tokyo Universität
On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in 2010 the influence of the ideas of the German university on the emerging Tokyo University (1877-1886) was examined. Its first president Katō Hiroyuki was conversant with the German model. This paper demonstrates the philosophical spirit evident in the early years of the first western-style university in Japan. During the 1880s Prussian influence was strong at all levels of Japanese administration. It is, therefore, commonly acknowledged that the model of the Berlin University was prominent in the 1886 reform of Tokyo University. However, here it will be argued that the "Imperial University Law" of 1886 meant a distancing from the philosophical ideas of the Berlin University of the year 1810. The last paragraph introduces Tōyō University, founded in 1887, as the only higher learning institution in Japan that explicitly nominates philosophy as its leading idea.