Die soziologischen Grundbegriffe "Gemeinschaft" und "Gesellschaft" - aus der Perspektive der interkulturellen Kommunikation
The academic dichotomy of “Gemeinschaft” and “Gesellschaft” assumes that the formation of theoretical concepts includes the cultural experience of difference. This notion originated in Europe in the 19th century and was in turn adopted by the Japanese social sciences as part of an intercultural discourse. The article describes the process by which this idea was incorporated into Japanese thought since the middle of the 19th century. Using classical academic texts, it elucidates the different perspectives which form part of the ideas of “the Self” and “the Other”. This will demonstrate that, both in the West and Japan, a discourse of self-awareness began through such key academic concepts, a discourse which helped construct cultural identity.