Der japanische Arbeitsmarkt - Aktuelle Situation und Aufgaben
The Japanese labor market has been undergoing continuous structural readjustments due to longer term economic and more short term, cyclical influencing factors. Two current examples for such changes are the growing number of working women and the rapid aging of the population. Structural readjustments in this sense are to be understood as a change in traditional “lifelong” employment practices, a rise in the number of white collar workers, a more widespread use of temporary work contracts, a revision of seniority-related remuneration schemes, or a growing influx of foreign workers. These issues are each discussed in more detail in the paper. It is hypothesized that the recent rise in the number of unemployed may continue unabatedly unless necessary macroeconomic countermeasures be taken, notably a more pronounced effort to further deregulate the Japanese economy. In addition, a range of specific labor market policies to alleviate current economic restructuring-induced pressures and to allow for an improved integration of female and elderly employees into the active workforce are suggested.