Raumordnungsrecht in Japan
The article addresses the laws enacted and measures taken by the Japanese government in regional development planning since 1945, as well as the changes in regional development that have taken place in Japan during the last 50 years. It is shown that numerous laws were enacted in order to support a balanced spatial development inside and between the cities and the countryside. In reality, however, regional development in Japan did not keep with the planning concepts – large cities are overpopulated, the fringes of the cities have been subject to uncontrolled urban sprawl, and the rural regions are increasingly depopulated, facilitating the decline of the agricultural sector. Finally, the reasons for the ineffectiveness of Japanese regional planning are analyzed and some prospects of future developments are given.