Zur jüngeren Entwicklung der Bodennutzung und der Landgemeinde in Japan
The article addresses the decline of the traditional rural community in Japan, especially communities based on the cultivation of paddy rice farming. It is argued that the immigration of non-agricultural population, the tendency towards part-time agriculture, the influences of urban space requirements on land prices, and the behavior of the land owners are the main factors contributing to the decline of traditional rural villages which are close to urban centers. Village communities in mountainous and peripheral parts of Japan, on the other hand, are subject to depopulation and the aging of the farming population. The article concludes with a discussion of current policy proposals made in order to revitalize the functions of the Japanese countryside.