Zur Internationalisierung der Tätigkeit japanischer Logistikunternehmen
The supply of logistic services has made an essential contribution to the internationalization of the Japanese economy. The main suppliers of logistics services are the firms in the traditional transport and haulage industries. These industries developed in the course of the Meiji Restoration and received in the early stages strong support from the state. During the development of the Japanese economy, the relative importance of the different means of transportation and the business conditions of the related firms went through various changes. In general, the transport industry has often been the object of government intervention. The beginning of the internationalization of Japanese industry gave rise to new demands for international logistics services. Japanese logistics firms set up overseas head offices to provide services to other Japanese firms, especially firms from the manufacturing sector with overseas production sites. However, the example of Japanese direct investment in the US shows that large manufacturing firms with a strong foothold abroad tend to transfer responsibilities for logistics systems to inhouse divisions. As a result, independent suppliers of logistics services are confronted with more intense competition. In the long run, Japanese logistics firms overseas will have to direct themselves more towards the needs of local customers in order to free themselves from their dependence on Japanese manufacturing firms in these markets.